Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Comment
. 2009 Dec 15;66(12):1072-4.
doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2009.09.023.

Imbalance of Approach and Avoidance: The Yin and Yang of Anxiety Disorders

Affiliations
Free PMC article
Comment

Imbalance of Approach and Avoidance: The Yin and Yang of Anxiety Disorders

Murray B Stein et al. Biol Psychiatry. .
Free PMC article

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Conceptual representation of the impact of traumatic stress on altering homeostatic steady state in PTSD.
Figure 2
Figure 2
This figure attempts to summarize how one can begin to integrate (1) specific neural systems (2) behavioral processes, and (3) neurotransmitter systems in describing the pathology observed in PTSD. Specifically, given an altered imbalance of approach-avoidance systems, which could be related to modulating neurotransmitter systems, individuals find themselves processing approach avoidance situations differently using some of the key neural substrates, i.e., amygdala, ventral striatum, insula, and medial prefrontal cortex, to adjust to an altered homeostatic steady state.

Comment on

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 22 articles

See all "Cited by" articles
Feedback