Type VII collagen: the anchoring fibril protein at fault in dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa

Dermatol Clin. 2010 Jan;28(1):93-105. doi: 10.1016/j.det.2009.10.011.

Abstract

Type VII collagen is a major component of the anchoring fibrils of the dermal-epidermal adhesion on the dermal side at the lamina densa/papillary dermis interface. Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) emerged as a candidate for type VII collagen mutations becausing anchoring fibrils were shown to be morphologically altered, reduced in number, or completely absent in patients with different forms of DEB. Circulating autoantibodies recognize type VII collagen epitopes in epidermolysis bullosa acquisita. The suggestion that type VII collagen is required for human epidermal tumorigenesis relates to the increasing numbers of life-threatening complications associated with developing squamous cell carcinomas because of the extended life span of affected individuals with recessive DEB.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Collagen Type VII / genetics*
  • Collagen Type VII / metabolism*
  • Epidermolysis Bullosa Dystrophica / genetics*
  • Epidermolysis Bullosa Dystrophica / metabolism*
  • Fibril-Associated Collagens / genetics
  • Fibril-Associated Collagens / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Mutation*
  • Skin / metabolism

Substances

  • Collagen Type VII
  • Fibril-Associated Collagens