[Congenital Chagas disease in Geneva: diagnostic and clinical aspects]

Rev Med Suisse. 2009 Oct 21;5(222):2091-2, 2094-6.
[Article in French]

Abstract

Chagas disease, a parasitic infection with Trypanosoma cruzi, recently emerged in Europe and in Switzerland. Mother-to-child infection represents a major mode of transmission in non endemic areas. In 2008, 305 Latin American pregnant women consulting at the Geneva University Hospitals were screened by serology. Overall prevalence was 2% and 8.8% in Bolivian women. All infected women were in the indeterminate form of the chronic phase. Two newborns were congenitally infected. Considering the potential for vertical transmission and the risk of long-term complications, screening programs for persons at risk need to be implemented.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Algorithms
  • Chagas Disease / congenital*
  • Chagas Disease / diagnosis*
  • Chagas Disease / drug therapy
  • Chagas Disease / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Latin America / ethnology
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic / diagnosis*
  • Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic / drug therapy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic / epidemiology
  • Prevalence
  • Switzerland / epidemiology