Thoracolumbar spinal deformity: Part II. Developments from 1990 to today: historical vignette

J Neurosurg Spine. 2009 Dec;11(6):640-50. doi: 10.3171/2009.3.SPINE08337.


In the first part of this 2-part historical review, the authors outlined the early diagnostic and therapeutic strategies used in the management of spinal deformity. In this second part, they expand upon those early innovations and further detail the advances from 1990 to the modern era.

Publication types

  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • History, 20th Century
  • History, 21st Century
  • Humans
  • Lumbar Vertebrae / abnormalities*
  • Neurosurgical Procedures / history*
  • Spinal Curvatures / diagnosis
  • Spinal Curvatures / history*
  • Spinal Curvatures / surgery*
  • Thoracic Vertebrae / abnormalities*