Caries experience and oral hygiene status of children suffering from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

J Clin Pediatr Dent. Fall 2009;34(1):25-9. doi: 10.17796/jcpd.34.1.n170271832662v44.

Abstract

Objective: The study was conducted to determine the caries experience and oral hygiene status of children suffering from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and was compared with that of non-ADHD children.

Study design: A total of 80 children, including 40 ADHD and 40 non-ADHD children were included in the study. A visual dental examination for dental caries was performed and oral hygiene status of these children was determined. The parent/guardian completed a questionnaire concerning the child's behavior followed by questionnaire to the child regarding oral hygiene practices and food habits.

Results: Student-t test and chi-square test showed that children with ADHD had significantly higher defs score, mean plaque score in compared to that of non-ADHD children. Statistical significant differences were also found out in relation with frequency of tooth brushing and consumption of sugary food among the children suffering from ADHD.

Conclusion: Caries prevalence in the primary dentition is increased in the children suffering from ADHD due to poor oral hygiene and increased consumption of sugary foods.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Distribution
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / complications*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child
  • DMF Index
  • Dental Caries / etiology*
  • Dental Plaque / etiology
  • Dental Plaque Index
  • Diet, Cariogenic
  • Dietary Sucrose / adverse effects
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Female
  • Humans
  • India
  • Male
  • Oral Hygiene*
  • Sex Distribution
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Toothbrushing / statistics & numerical data

Substances

  • Dietary Sucrose