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Comparative Study
. 2009 Jul 14;89(26):1841-3.

[Comparison of Efficacy Among Early, Conventional and Late Intravenous Gamma Globulin Treatment of Kawasaki Disease]

[Article in Chinese]
Affiliations
  • PMID: 19953930
Comparative Study

[Comparison of Efficacy Among Early, Conventional and Late Intravenous Gamma Globulin Treatment of Kawasaki Disease]

[Article in Chinese]
Zhong-Dong Du et al. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. .

Abstract

Objective: To compare the rates of intravenous gamma globulin (IVIG) non-responder and coronary complication among early, conventional and late IVIG treatment in children with Kawasaki disease (KD).

Methods: All children with KD and IVIG treatment were retrospectively analyzed at 45 hospitals in Beijing during the 5-year period from 2000 through 2004. The time of IVIG treatment was classified as early (Day 1 - 4), conventional (Day 5 - 9) and late treatment group (Day 10 or later). The efficacy of IVIG was judged by the rate of IVIG non-responder. Echocardiography was used to assess the coronary complication at acute (1 - 2 weeks after onset) and sub-acute (3 - 6 weeks after onset) stage.

Results: A total of 1052 patients (680 boys, 372 girls) aged 2 months to 13.8 years were included. They were grouped as early, conventional and late treatment in 108, 763 and 181 children respectively. The rate of IVIG non-responders was higher in early (28.7%, 31/108) as compared with conventional (11.9%, 91/763) and late treatment group (7.2%, 13/181, both P < 0.01). The incidences of coronary complications were similar in early (17.6%, 19/108 and 5.9%, 4/68) and conventional treatment group (18.3%, 140/ 763 and 5.5%, 25/452), while significantly higher in late treatment group (33.7%, 61/181 and 12.8%, 15/117) in acute and sub-acute stages (both P < 0.01).

Conclusions: IVIG treatment in children with KD for a disease duration of 1 - 4 days appeared to increase the rate of IVIG non-responders. Children with IVIG given at Day 10 or later had a higher incidence of acute and sub-acute coronary complications. IVIG given at Day 5 - 9 seems to be the best time for IVIG therapy in KD.

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