Nonpharmacologic management of atrial fibrillation: role of the pulmonary veins and posterior left atrium

Heart Rhythm. 2009 Dec;6(12 Suppl):S5-S11. doi: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2009.07.030.


Nonpharmacologic approaches for the management of atrial fibrillation are rapidly emerging as the mainstay for definitive management of this arrhythmia. Over the past several years, numerous studies reported in the literature have highlighted various aspects of the pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying atrial fibrillation. The purpose of this review is to place the current approaches being used for arrhythmia management in the context of the current knowledge of about arrhythmia mechanisms.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Atrial Fibrillation* / physiopathology
  • Atrial Fibrillation* / therapy
  • Catheter Ablation / methods*
  • Disease Management
  • Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac / methods*
  • Heart Atria / embryology
  • Heart Atria / pathology
  • Heart Atria / physiopathology*
  • Heart Conduction System* / pathology
  • Heart Conduction System* / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Pulmonary Veins / embryology
  • Pulmonary Veins / pathology
  • Pulmonary Veins / physiopathology*