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. 2010 Mar;17(3):452-8.
doi: 10.1038/cdd.2009.188. Epub 2009 Dec 4.

E2F1-inducible microRNA 449a/b Suppresses Cell Proliferation and Promotes Apoptosis

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E2F1-inducible microRNA 449a/b Suppresses Cell Proliferation and Promotes Apoptosis

M Lizé et al. Cell Death Differ. .
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E2F1 is a positive regulator of cell cycle progression and also a potent inducer of apoptosis, especially when activated by DNA damage. We identified E2F1-inducible microRNAs (miRNAs) by microarray hybridization and found that the levels of miRNAs 449a and 449b, as well as their host gene CDC20B, are strongly upregulated by E2F1. High miR-449 levels were found in testes, lung, and trachea, but not in testicular and other cancer cells. MiR-449a/b structurally resemble the p53-inducible miRNA 34 family. In agreement with a putative tumor-suppressive role, miR-449a as well as miR-34a reduced proliferation and strongly promoted apoptosis by at least partially p53-independent mechanisms. Both miRNAs reduced the levels of CDK6, implying miR-449 in a negative feedback mechanism for E2F1. Moreover, miR-449a and miR-34a diminished the deacetylase Sirt1 and augmented p53 acetylation. We propose that both miRNAs provide a twofold safety mechanism to avoid excessive E2F1-induced proliferation by cell cycle arrest and by apoptosis. While responding to different transactivators, miRNAs 449 and 34 each repress E2F1, but promote p53 activity, allowing efficient cross-talk between two major DNA damage-responsive gene regulators.

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