Purpose: To evaluate the effect of excision repair cross-complementing group 1 (ERCC1) and X-ray cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) gene polymorphisms on treatment outcome in patients receiving oxaliplatin-based regimens for metastatic colorectal cancer.
Methods: Hundred and thirteen patients with a diagnosis of metastatic colorectal cancer were treated with oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. ERCC1 codon 118C/T and XRCC1 codon 399A/G polymorphisms were tested by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method in peripheral blood lymphocytes of these patients. Disease control rates and survivals were compared by types of genotypes.
Results: Analyses of the patterns of the polymorphism located at ERCC1 codon 118 showed that 55 (48.67%) patients were homozygous for C/C genotype, 15 (13.27%) were homozygous for the T/T genotype, and 43 (38.06%) were heterozygous for C/T genotype. Analyses of the polymorphism located at XRCC1 codon 399 showed that 61 (53.98%) patients were homozygous for A/A genotype, 13 (11.50%) were homozygous for the G/G genotype, and 39 (34.52%) were heterozygous for A/G genotype. After two cycles of chemotherapy, there was complete response (CR) in 1 patient, partial response (PR) in 24 patients, and stable disease (SD) in 56 patients. Altogether in 81 (71.68%) patients the disease was controlled after chemotherapy. Thirty-two (28.32%) patients showed disease progression. After adjusting for some clinical factors, both the ERCC1 polymorphism and the XRCC1 polymorphism lost their roles in predicting DCR (P = 0.662, P = 0.631) and MST (P = 0.692, P = 0.572). But the combination of ERCC1 and XRCC1 polymorphisms was significantly associated with DCR (P = 0.01) and MST (P = 0.000) independently.
Conclusions: This is the first study which showed that polymorphisms of ERCC1 and XRCC1, in combination not individually, were independent predictors for DCR and OS. This may contribute to the selection of patients who would benefit from oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer.