Biomedical nanotechnology for molecular imaging, diagnostics, and targeted therapy

Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2009;2009:4578-9. doi: 10.1109/IEMBS.2009.5332688.

Abstract

Biomedical nanotechnology is a cross-disciplinary area of research in science, engineering and medicine with broad applications for molecular imaging, molecular diagnosis, and targeted therapy. The basic rationale is that nanometer-sized particles such as semiconductor quantum dots and iron oxide nanocrystals have optical, magnetic or structural properties that are not available from either molecules or bulk solids. When linked with biotargeting ligands such as monoclonal antibodies, peptides or small molecules, these nanoparticles can be used to target diseased cells and organs (such as malignant tumors and cardiovascular plaques) with high affinity and specificity. In the "mesoscopic" size range of 5-100 nm diameter, nanoparticles also have large surface areas and functional groups for conjugating to multiple diagnostic (e.g., optical, radioisotopic, or magnetic) and therapeutic (e.g., anticancer) agents.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Biomedical Technology / methods*
  • Drug Delivery Systems / methods*
  • Humans
  • Molecular Imaging / methods*
  • Nanotechnology / methods*
  • Neoplasms
  • Quantum Dots