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, 35 (6), 1969-75

Word Misperception, the Neighbor Frequency Effect, and the Role of Sentence Context: Evidence From Eye Movements

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Word Misperception, the Neighbor Frequency Effect, and the Role of Sentence Context: Evidence From Eye Movements

Timothy J Slattery. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform.

Abstract

An eye movement experiment was conducted to investigate whether the processing of a word can be affected by its higher frequency neighbor (HFN). Target words with an HFN (birch) or without one (spruce) were embedded into 2 types of sentence frames: 1 in which the HFN (birth) could fit given the prior sentence context, and 1 in which it could not. The results suggest that words can be misperceived as their HFN, and that top-down information from sentence context strongly modulates this effect. Implications for models of word recognition and eye movements during reading are discussed.

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