You Can Control Asthma: evaluation of an asthma education program for hospitalized inner-city children

Patient Educ Couns. 1991 Feb;17(1):35-47. doi: 10.1016/0738-3991(91)90049-b.


A self-management education program was designed for staff nurses to offer children while they received medical care for asthma in the hospital. The program uses videotapes, written activity books and nurse discussion with the patient. Evaluation was conducted to assess program feasibility and impact. Pre- and post-tests of 40 children age 6-12 years revealed that the children had statistically significant increases in knowledge of and expected response to early warning signs of acute asthma, and in their sense of personal control (Health Locus of Control). Parents reported an increased use of asthma self-management techniques for acute episodes of asthma. Medical record review for a 15 month pre- and post-period indicated reductions in emergency room use. Inpatient hospital based education offers a critical opportunity to introduce asthma management skills, especially to children not reached by more traditional programs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Asthma / psychology*
  • Child
  • Child, Hospitalized*
  • District of Columbia
  • Female
  • Hospitals, Urban
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control
  • Male
  • Patient Education as Topic / organization & administration
  • Patient Education as Topic / standards*
  • Program Evaluation
  • Self Care*