Previously an increased frequency of KIT aberrations in mucosal melanomas was reported, whereas c-KIT in most types of cutaneous melanomas does not appear to be of pathogenetic importance. Imatinib has become the standard of care in other cancers with KIT mutations such as gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Recently 12 cases of metastatic melanoma and KIT-activating mutations have been published to be successfully treated with c-KIT blockers such as imatinib, sunitinib, dasatinib or sorafenib. We report here on one of our patients with KIT-activating mutation in metastatic anal mucosal melanoma, who showed a response to imatinib therapy and summarize the available literature regarding this new therapeutic option.
Copyright 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.