Tetanus toxoid vaccination coverage and differential between urban and rural areas of Bangladesh

East Afr J Public Health. 2009 Apr;6(1):26-31. doi: 10.4314/eajph.v6i1.45739.


Background: Government commitment and support from a range of partnerships have led to a massive increase in tetanus toxoid immunization coverage among women of childbearing age, ensuring that both mothers and babies are protected against tetanus infection in Bangladesh. In order to control and eliminate the vaccine preventable diseases it is important to know the vaccination coverage.

Objectives: The major objective of this study is to determine the complete vaccination rate and the predictors that influence vaccination of mothers during pregnancy and to see whether there is any gap lies between the women of urban and rural areas regarding the tetanus toxoid injection receiving.

Methodology: This study utilizes the data extracted from Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2004 (BDHS).To meets the objectives this study considers bivariate and multivariate analysis.

Results: The study represents that 88 per cent urban mothers and 84 per cent rural mothers receive tetanus toxoid injection during their pregnancy period. Logistic regression model is adjusted by wealth index, mother's age at last birth, education, husband's occupation, ever using contraception, fertility preference, wanted last child, having permission to go to hospital/health center, telling about pregnancy complications and mass media exposure for receiving TT injection. All these explanatory variables come out to be as significant determinants of receiving TT injection for all mothers as well as for rural mothers in Bangladesh. On the other hand ever using contraception, wanted last child, telling about pregnancy complications, mass media exposure and wealth index are the significant determinants of receiving TT injection for mothers of urban area.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Bangladesh
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunization Programs / organization & administration
  • Immunization Programs / statistics & numerical data*
  • Immunization Programs / trends
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Logistic Models
  • Middle Aged
  • Mothers
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / prevention & control*
  • Prenatal Care / standards
  • Prenatal Care / statistics & numerical data
  • Rural Population
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Tetanus / prevention & control*
  • Tetanus Toxoid / administration & dosage*
  • Urban Population
  • Vaccination / statistics & numerical data*


  • Tetanus Toxoid