Background: Although numerous studies of latanoprost in adult glaucoma have shown it to be an effective hypotensive agent with a low incidence of side effects, these issues have not been well studied in pediatric glaucomas. The purpose of the current study is to evaluate the safety and intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering effect of latanoprost in various pediatric glaucomas over a long period.
Subjects and methods: This retrospective study included all children treated with latanoprost at our institution from 1996 to 2007. Demographic, glaucoma-related, and side-effect information was recorded for each subject. Duration of latanoprost exposure was calculated in child-months (1 child exposed for 1 month). If interpretable IOP data were available, the presence or absence of a treatment response (IOP reduction > or =15% from baseline) was determined for each subject.
Results: A total of 115 subjects with latanoprost exposure were identified, with a collective exposure of 2,325 child-months. Exposure for > or =1 year occurred in 52 subjects. Side effects were mild and infrequently reported. Of the 115 subjects, 63 had interpretable IOP data, and 22 (35%) were treatment responders. Predictors of a response included a diagnosis of juvenile open-angle glaucoma, monotherapy, and older age.
Conclusions: This large study of latanoprost-treated children confirms the excellent safety profile of the drug in the treatment of pediatric glaucoma. The study also confirms latanoprost's IOP-lowering ability in older children with juvenile open-angle glaucoma and in some children with aphakic glaucoma. Prospective studies are needed to better define the optimal role of latanoprost in the treatment of pediatric glaucoma, especially congenital glaucoma.