LC-NMR identification of a novel taurine-related metabolite observed in (1)H NMR-based metabonomics of genetically hypertensive rats

J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2010 Apr 6;51(5):1091-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jpba.2009.11.006. Epub 2009 Nov 13.


This paper describes the LC-NMR spectroscopic identification of a novel urinary endogenous metabolite responsible for the signals, which were found as major contributors to the separation between genetically hypertensive rats (SHRSP) and normotensive control rats (WKY) in previous NMR-based metabonomic studies. Urine samples from 26-week-old normotensive rats were analyzed by an LC-NMR system equipped with a reversed-phase column having high retention ability for polar compounds. (1)H NMR spectra were continuously obtained in the on-flow mode, and the retention times of the unassigned signals in question were determined. Various two-dimensional spectra were subsequently measured for the fraction containing the unassigned signals under the stop-flow mode, which enables for a long accumulation resulting in the enhancement of signal-to-noise ratios. The candidate compound obtained from these LC-NMR data was synthesized, and the NMR and mass spectra were compared with those of the LC-NMR fraction. The unknown metabolite was identified as succinyltaurine from these experiments together with standard addition experiments. This novel metabolite, which is characteristic of the normotensive rats, is very interesting because it is structurally related to hypotensive taurine, and not substantially detected in the genetically hypertensive rats, which excreted more taurine than the normotensive rats. The biological and pathophysiological significances of succinyltaurine remain to be investigated.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromatography, Liquid*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Hypertension / genetics
  • Hypertension / urine*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy*
  • Male
  • Metabolomics / methods*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred SHR
  • Rats, Inbred WKY
  • Succinates / chemical synthesis
  • Succinates / urine*
  • Taurine / analogs & derivatives
  • Taurine / chemical synthesis
  • Taurine / urine*


  • Succinates
  • Taurine