Tobacco advertising through French TV in 2005: frequent illicit broadcasting; its impact on teenagers and young adults

J Public Health (Oxf). 2010 Jun;32(2):184-90. doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdp101. Epub 2009 Dec 10.


Background: Sports sponsorship is one of the tobacco industry's main strategies to recruit new smokers among teenagers and young adults.

Methods: Monitoring Motor sports illicit broadcasting based on six channels in 2005; Dakar Rally (DR) and China Grand Prix impact evaluated with a one on one questionnaire administered on 12-24-year-old males and females (n = 805).

Results: 75,000 TV tobacco sponsoring appearances (90 h) were observed, total value: euro200.10(6); Mild Seven, Marlboro, West, Lucky Strike, Gauloises Blondes accounted for 92% appearances and 95% of euro values, with illegal broadcasting value worth euro19.10(6). A high interest in DR (71%) and Formula One (F1) (66%) was observed among males (versus females; P < 0.001), increasing with age (P < 0.05). Levels of spontaneous and assisted recall of cigarette brands were high among individuals interested in DR and F1, with better recall of brand names (versus non interested; P < 0.01); all individuals made correct associations between tobacco brands and car colors (P < 0.01). A non-significant higher percentage of daily smokers was observed among respondents interested in DR (34 versus 21%; P < 0.01) and F1 (30 versus 24%; P = 0.10).

Conclusion: This high level of indirect advertising for tobacco through motor sport sponsoring confirms the urgent need for a worldwide absolute ban on tobacco advertising in motor sports.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior*
  • Advertising*
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Female
  • France / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Smoking / epidemiology
  • Smoking / psychology*
  • Sports*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Television*
  • Young Adult