The receptor activity-modifying proteins (RAMPs) are a family of three single transmembrane proteins that have been identified as accessory proteins to some G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). They can regulate their pharmacology, forward trafficking and recycling, depending on the GPCR. The best characterized receptor complexes formed by RAMPs and GPCRs are the calcitonin peptide family receptors. The association of RAMP1 with the calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CL) constitutes the calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor, whereas RAMP2 or 3 with CL generates adrenomedullin receptors. In this case, the RAMPs substantially alter the pharmacology and trafficking properties of this GPCR. Amylin receptor subtypes are formed from calcitonin receptor (CTR) interactions with RAMPs. Although the RAMPs themselves are not responsive to calcitonin peptide family ligands, there is clear evidence that they participate in ligand binding, although it is still unclear whether this is by directly participating in binding or through allosteric modulation of CL or CTR. A considerable amount of mutagenesis data have now been generated on RAMPs to try and identify the residues that play a role in ligand interactions, and to also identify which residues in RAMPs interact with CL and CTR. This review will focus on RAMP mutagenesis studies with CL, summarizing and discussing the available data in association with current RAMP models and structures. The data reveal key regions in RAMPs that are important for ligand binding and receptor interactions.