Objective: To determine serum and synovial fluid (SF) concentrations of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) or CCL2 chemokine, in patients suffering (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) and to correlate the values to disease activity, and other patient- and disease-related parameters.
Methods: The CCL-2/MCP-1 chemokine (CK) was measured in serum and SF of 30 RA and 15 OA patients using specific and very sensitive ELISA assay.
Results: The CCL2/MCP-1 CK was found in increased amounts in SF compared to serum (p < 0.001) and in RA compared to OA patients (p < 0.001). The values were significantly greater in RA patients with more active disease. Greater mean SF concentrations were observed in older RA patients, in patients with longer duration of RA disease and in those who had been treated with methotrexate. Also positive correlation was found between RA SF concentrations and SF leukocyte numbers (r = 0.497, p < 0.05).
Conclusions: The SF and serum CCL2/MCP-1 concentrations are significantly greater in RA than in OA and in hda-RA than in mda-RA; increased SF over serum concentrations suggest that CCL2/MCP-1 is mainly produced locally by activated cells where it may exacerbate and sustain inflammation by attracting proinflammatory leukocytes, predominantly monocytes (Tab. 1, Fig. 2, Ref. 50). Full Text (Free, PDF) www.bmj.sk.