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. 2009 Dec 15;3 Suppl 7(Suppl 7):S63.
doi: 10.1186/1753-6561-3-s7-s63.

Detecting Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism by Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism Interactions in Rheumatoid Arthritis Using a Two-Step Approach With Machine Learning and a Bayesian Threshold Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) Model

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Free PMC article

Detecting Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism by Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism Interactions in Rheumatoid Arthritis Using a Two-Step Approach With Machine Learning and a Bayesian Threshold Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) Model

Oscar González-Recio et al. BMC Proc. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

The objective of this study was to detect interactions between relevant single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Data from Problem 1 of the Genetic Analysis Workshop 16 were used. These data consisted of 868 cases and 1,194 controls genotyped with the 500 k Illumina chip. First, machine learning methods were applied for preselecting SNPs. One hundred SNPs outside the HLA region and 1,500 SNPs in the HLA region were preselected using information-gain theory. The software weka was used to reduce colinearity and redundancy in the HLA region, resulting in a subset of 6 SNPs out of 1,500. In a second step, a parametric approach to account for interactions between SNPs in the HLA region, as well as HLA-nonHLA interactions was conducted using a Bayesian threshold least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) model incorporating 2,560 covariates. This approach detected some main and interaction effects for SNPs in genes that have previously been associated with RA (e.g., rs2395175, rs660895, rs10484560, and rs2476601). Further, some other SNPs detected in this study may be considered in candidate gene studies.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Major effects and interaction basis functions detected by the Bayesian threshold LASSO model. Allele or interaction alleles are specified. The allele for the HLA SNPs is specified first in the interactions.

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