Allelic based gene-gene interactions in rheumatoid arthritis

BMC Proc. 2009 Dec 15;3 Suppl 7(Suppl 7):S76. doi: 10.1186/1753-6561-3-S7-S76.


The detection of gene-gene interaction is an important approach to understand the etiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The goal of this study is to identify gene-gene interaction of SNPs at the allelic level contributing to RA using real data sets (Problem 1) of North American Rheumatoid Arthritis Consortium (NARAC) provided by Genetic Analysis Workshop 16 (GAW16). We applied our novel method that can detect the interaction by a definition of nonrandom association of alleles that occurs when the contribution to RA of a particular allele inherited in one gene depends on a particular allele inherited at other unlinked genes. Starting with 639 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from 26 candidate genes, we identified ten two-way interacting genes and one case of three-way interacting genes. SNP rs2476601 on PTPN22 interacts with rs2306772 on SLC22A4, which interacts with rs881372 on TRAF1 and rs2900180 on C5, respectively. SNP rs2900180 on C5 interacts with rs2242720 on RUNX1, which interacts with rs881375 on TRAF1. Furthermore, rs2476601 on PTPN22 also interacts with three SNPs (rs2905325, rs1476482, and rs2106549) in linkage disequilibrium (LD) on IL6. The other three SNPs (rs2961280, rs2961283, and rs2905308) in LD on IL6 interact with two SNPs (rs477515 and rs2516049) on HLA-DRB1. SNPs rs660895 and rs532098 on HLA-DRB1 interact with rs2834779 and four SNPs in LD on RUNX1. Three-way interacting genes of rs10229203 on IL6, rs4816502 on RUNX1, and rs10818500 on C5 were also detected.