Purpose: We evaluated the effect of neoadjuvant hormonal therapy on urinary function in men with a prostate volume of 50 cc or greater undergoing prostate brachytherapy.
Materials and methods: A total of 395 men with 50 cc or greater glands were treated with 3 months of neoadjuvant hormonal therapy (204) or implantation alone (191). Urinary function was assessed by the International Prostate Symptom Score, the urinary retention incidence and subsequent transurethral prostate resection.
Results: Median patient age was 67 years and median followup was 6 years. Mean prostate volume in neoadjuvant hormonal therapy cases was 72.9 cc, which decreased to 54.3 cc after 3 months (p <0.001). Mean prostate volume in cases without hormonal therapy was 60.6 cc (p <0.001). Urinary retention occurred in 16 of 191 men (8.4%) without vs 25 of 204 (12.3%) with hormonal therapy (p = 0.207). The median duration of urinary retention was 42 days (range 2 to 243). There were no significant associations of urinary retention with prostate size, prostate or urethral dose, or pre-implantation International Prostate Symptom Score. Of patients without hormonal therapy retention occurred in 3 of 12 (25%) with a pre-implantation International Prostate Symptom Score of 15 or greater and in 13 of 168 (7.7%) with a score of less than 15 (OR 4.0, 95% CI 1-16, p = 0.04). In contrast, there was no difference in the retention rate in patients with hormonal therapy with an initial score of 15 or greater vs less than 15 (2 of 25 or 8% vs 11 of 102 or 10.8%, p = 0.614). Transurethral prostate resection was done in 11 of 191 men (5.8%) without vs 12 of 204 (5.9%) with hormonal therapy (p = 0.958). There was no difference in biochemical failure in the 2 groups.
Conclusions: Neoadjuvant hormonal therapy has its greatest benefit in patients receiving brachytherapy who have a large prostate and an International Prostate Symptom Score of 15 or greater.
Copyright 2010 American Urological Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.