Normative data for the 12 item WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0

PLoS One. 2009 Dec 17;4(12):e8343. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008343.


Background: The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0) measures disability due to health conditions including diseases, illnesses, injuries, mental or emotional problems, and problems with alcohol or drugs.

Method: The 12 Item WHODAS 2.0 was used in the second Australian Survey of Mental Health and Well-being. We report the overall factor structure and the distribution of scores and normative data (means and SDs) for people with any physical disorder, any mental disorder and for people with neither.

Findings: A single second order factor justifies the use of the scale as a measure of global disability. People with mental disorders had high scores (mean 6.3, SD 7.1), people with physical disorders had lower scores (mean 4.3, SD 6.1). People with no disorder covered by the survey had low scores (mean 1.4, SD 3.6).

Interpretation: The provision of normative data from a population sample of adults will facilitate use of the WHODAS 2.0 12 item scale in clinical and epidemiological research.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Disability Evaluation*
  • Disabled Persons / statistics & numerical data
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Mental Disorders / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Statistical
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • World Health Organization*
  • Young Adult