Gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging of cerebral venous angiomas with emphasis on their drainage

J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1991 Mar-Apr;15(2):199-206. doi: 10.1097/00004728-199103000-00003.


Gadolinium-enhanced MR was performed in 28 patients with 17 supratentorial and 11 cerebellar venous angiomas. The use of gadolinium allowed detection of 9 of 28 venous angiomas (32%) that were not visible before gadolinium or which were only recognized in retrospect. Before gadolinium the peripheral medullary veins that are typical for these venous malformations were only visualized in 4 of 17 (23%) supratentorial and in 5 of 11 (45%) cerebellar lesions, for a total of 9 of 28 (32%) venous angiomas. After intravenous administration of gadolinium these veins were seen in 27 of 28 (96%) venous angiomas. Extension of the lesions to the wall of the ventricles was seen in 24 of the 28, 16 of 17 supratentorial and 8 of 11 cerebellar, lesions after gadolinium. This information was missed on plain MR in 6 of these lesions. The type of venous drainage, either superficial or deep, could be determined by gadolinium-enhanced MR in all cases where angiography was available for comparison. Before gadolinium this information was not available in eight patients. The intravenous administration of gadolinium adds significant information in the MR study of venous angioma.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cerebellar Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / diagnostic imaging
  • Cerebral Veins / abnormalities*
  • Cerebral Veins / diagnostic imaging
  • Cerebral Veins / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Gadolinium*
  • Hemangioma / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement / methods*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Supratentorial Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*


  • Gadolinium