The Chinese version of the Facts on Aging Quiz scale: reliability and validity assessment

Int J Nurs Stud. 2010 Jun;47(6):742-52. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2009.11.009. Epub 2009 Dec 21.


Background: The use of health care services by older adults is increasing with the aging of the population. It is therefore essential that health care workers are current in their knowledge about gerontology; thus, educational programs regarding the care of elders are essential. Chinese-language assessments to measure knowledge about gerontology and aging and attitudes toward older adults are lacking.

Objective: This study was designed to measure the reliability and validity of a Chinese-language version of Palmore's facts on aging quiz (FAQ 1).

Method: Cronbach's alpha, construct validity, content validity and convergent validity of the Chinese version of the FAQ 1 were assessed. A sample of 220 student nurses was recruited. Part of the sample (n=125; Group A) was comprised of experienced nurses who had returned to school for advanced degrees. The remaining 95 participants were first-year undergraduate students without prior work experience (Group B). The FAQ 1 was administered to all participants. The Chinese-language version of Kogan's Attitudes toward Older People (KAOP) was also administered to assess convergent validity of the FAQ 1.

Results: Cronbach's alpha of the FAQ was 0.68, content validity was 0.82, and construct validity and convergent validity were acceptable. Group A had more correct answers on each item than Group B, indicating that students with prior work experience with the elderly were more knowledgeable regarding older people and aging.

Conclusions: Based on the results of the assessment, the Chinese version of FAQ 1 is a valid and reliable instrument for measuring students' or health care providers' knowledge about older people.

Publication types

  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aging / physiology
  • Aging / psychology
  • Attitude of Health Personnel* / ethnology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Cultural Characteristics
  • Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate / organization & administration
  • Education, Nursing, Diploma Programs / organization & administration
  • Educational Measurement / methods*
  • Educational Measurement / standards
  • Employment / psychology
  • Geriatric Nursing / education*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Multilingualism
  • Nursing Education Research
  • Prejudice
  • Psychometrics
  • Students, Nursing / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / standards*
  • Taiwan
  • Translations