The impact of a live therapeutic music intervention on patients' experience of pain, anxiety, and muscle tension

Holist Nurs Pract. Jan-Feb 2010;24(1):7-15. doi: 10.1097/HNP.0b013e3181c8e435.


This exploratory study demonstrated the positive impact of live music as a holistic patient intervention directed toward reducing pain, anxiety, and muscle tension levels of patients admitted to a tertiary care center for an emergent medical condition. Music can be combined with other holistic interventions to positively impact patient outcomes.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anxiety / therapy*
  • Female
  • Holistic Health
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Tonus*
  • Music Therapy*
  • Pain Management*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • West Virginia
  • Young Adult