Aim: The goal of this descriptive study was to evaluate the aetiology and the socioeconomic status in hospitalized children in Hanoi and propose solutions to improve prevention and basic health care of patients with chronic kidney disease in Hanoi City.
Methods: The records of all 152 hospitalized children with chronic kidney disease in the National Paediatric Hospital in Hanoi from January 2001 to December 2005 were analyzed.
Results: The incidence of paediatric chronic kidney disease native to Hanoi City was estimated to be 5.1/million-child population (pmcp). Median age was 11.29 years; 60.5% were boys and 39.5% were girls; 65% of patients were in end-stage renal disease. Causes of chronic kidney disease included glomerulonephritis (66.4%) and congenital/hereditary anomalies (13%). In 19.8% of children, the aetiology was unavailable. During hospitalization, five patients died and 76 patients (50%) refused the treatment although beneficiaries of health insurance. Thirty patients (19.74%) received peritoneal dialysis and haemodialysis, and seven patients received renal transplantation with a familial living donor.
Conclusion: Late referral, and limited facilities for renal replacement therapy explain the poor outcome in this study. We need a program to delineate the burden of chronic kidney disease and improve primary health care for health promotion and prevention of paediatric chronic kidney disease.