Minireview: Malassezia Infections in Immunocompromised Patients

Mycoses. 2010 May;53(3):187-95. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0507.2009.01814.x. Epub 2009 Dec 17.

Abstract

Malassezia spp. form part of the normal human cutaneous flora and are implicated in several mild, but recurrent cutaneous diseases, such as pityriasis versicolor, Malassezia folliculitis, seborrhoeic dermatitis, and, with lesser frequency, a range of other dermatological disorders. Malassezia spp. have also been associated with cutaneous and systemic diseases in immunocompromised patients including folliculitis, seborrhoeic dermatitis, catheter-related fungaemia and a variety of deeply invasive infections. In this review, we provide an overview of the epidemiology, risk factors, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment and outcome of cutaneous and invasive Malassezia infections in immunocompromised patients.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Dermatomycoses / microbiology*
  • Fungemia / microbiology*
  • Humans
  • Immunocompromised Host*
  • Malassezia / isolation & purification*
  • Malassezia / pathogenicity
  • Soft Tissue Infections / microbiology*