Evaluation of microRNA expression profiles that may predict recurrence of localized stage I non-small cell lung cancer after surgical resection

Cancer Res. 2010 Jan 1;70(1):36-45. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-09-3153. Epub 2009 Dec 22.


Prognostic markers that can predict the relapse of localized non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have yet to be defined. We surveyed expression profiles of microRNA (miRNA) in stage I NSCLC to identify patterns that might predict recurrence after surgical resection of this common deadly cancer. Small RNAs extracted from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissues were hybridized to locked nucleic acid probes against 752 human miRNAs (representing 82% of the miRNAs in the miRBase 13.0 database) to obtain expression profiles for 37 cases with recurrence and 40 cases without recurrence (with clinical follow-up for at least 32 months). Differential expression between the two case groups was detected for 49% of the miRNAs (Wilcoxon rank sum test; P<0.01). The performance of expression profiles at differentiating the two case groups was assessed by leave-one-out and Monte Carlo cross-validations. In leave-one-out cross-validation using support vector machines- or top-scoring gene pair classifier methods, which looked for six- or two-miRNA-based classifiers, the identified miRNA expression pattern predicted recurrence with an accuracy of 70% and 83%, and hazard ratio of 3.6 [95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.8-7.1] and 9.0 (95% CI, 4.4-18.2), respectively. Mean accuracy in Monte Carlo cross-validation using 1,000 random 60-17 splits was 69% (95% CI, 68-70) and 72% (95% CI, 71-72), respectively. The specific miRNAs mir-200b*, mir-30c-1*, mir-510, mir-630, mir-657, and mir-146b-3p and mir-124*, mir-585, and mir-708, respectively, represented most commonly among the 1,000 classifiers identified in Monte Carlo cross-validation by the two methods. MiRNAs mir-488, mir-503, and mir-647 were identified as potential reference miRNAs for future studies, based on the stability of their expression patterns across the 77 cases and the two case-groups. Our findings reinforce efforts to profile miRNA expression patterns for better prognostication of stage I NSCLC.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / genetics*
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / pathology
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / surgery
  • Female
  • Gene Expression
  • Gene Expression Profiling / methods*
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate
  • Lung Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • Lung Neoplasms / surgery
  • Male
  • MicroRNAs / biosynthesis*
  • MicroRNAs / genetics
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / genetics*
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Prognosis
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction


  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • MicroRNAs