Effect of two different training programs with the same workload on soccer overhead throwing velocity

Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2009 Dec;4(4):474-84. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.4.4.474.


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether two throwing programs, based upon velocity or resistance with the same workload, would enhance soccer overhead throwing velocity.

Methods: Sports science students (n = 64, age 21.1 +/- 2.1 y, mass 71.1 +/- 11 kg, height 1.75 +/- 0.09 m; mean +/- SD) divided into two groups matched on performance, participated in the study. The resistance-training group trained overhead throwing with a 5-kg medicine ball for two sets of 8 reps per session, whereas a velocity training group threw four sets of 16 reps with a regular soccer ball. These training programs were matched on workload. Throwing performance with a soccer ball and a 5-kg medicine ball were tested before and after a training period of 6 wk with two sessions per week.

Results: Both groups significantly increased the throwing velocity with the soccer ball (resistance-training group: 3.2% [1.0-5.5%]; P = .003 and velocity-training group: 5.1% [2.6-7.7%]; P < .001), whereas no substantial changes were found for throwing with the 5-kg medicine ball after the training period. No substantial differences between the groups were found, which indicates that both forms of training increased the throwing velocity.

Conclusions: It is concluded that both velocity and resistance throwing training programs after a short period of training with the same workload can increase throwing velocity and that workload is of importance in designing training programs and comparing them with each other.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Athletic Performance / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Physical Education and Training / methods*
  • Sex Factors
  • Soccer / physiology*
  • Young Adult