Psychotropic drug use in the medically ill. Part II

Psychosomatics. Winter 1991;32(1):34-46. doi: 10.1016/S0033-3182(91)72109-9.


Underlying medical illness and drug interactions may make the use of psychotropic agents problematic in some physically ill patients. This overview, published in two parts, discusses six major classes of psychotropic medications (cyclic antidepressants, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, benzodiazepines, neuroleptics, lithium, psychostimulants, and carbamazepine) and examines their use in the setting of specific types of medical illnesses (e.g., cardiovascular, pulmonary, hepatic, and renal disease). Practical considerations in using psychotropic medications in medical-surgical patients--particularly those who are elderly or medically debilitated--will receive special emphasis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Drug Interactions
  • Humans
  • Neurocognitive Disorders / blood
  • Neurocognitive Disorders / drug therapy*
  • Neurocognitive Disorders / psychology
  • Psychotropic Drugs / administration & dosage
  • Psychotropic Drugs / adverse effects*
  • Psychotropic Drugs / pharmacokinetics
  • Sick Role*


  • Psychotropic Drugs