[Eye disease in children aged 6 to 15 years: a hospital-based study in Yaounde]

Sante. Apr-Jun 2009;19(2):61-6. doi: 10.1684/san.2009.0158.
[Article in French]

Abstract

This prospective study was conducted in the ophthalmology department of the Gynaeco-Obstetric and Paediatric Hospital in Yaoundé and included 422 children recruited from January to April 2008. The aim was to identify the eye diseases seen frequently seen in school-aged children from 6 to 15 years and examine their epidemiological characteristics.

Results and discussion: The study group included 201 boys and 221 girls, with a mean age of 10,3 +/- 3.2 years. The most frequent disease was ametropia (refractive errors, 43.1%), including hyperopia, which had a prevalence of 23.7% Conjunctival disorders came next, accounting for 33%, more than half due to tropical endemic limbo conjunctivitis (17.8%). Binocular blindness affected 0.9% (n = 4), and low vision 0.7% (n = 3).

Conclusion: This study, the first in its kind for the age group of 6-15 years in a developing country, allowed us to identify refractive errors as the principal complaint in consultations and led us to propose a reinforcement of screening in schools.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Factors
  • Blindness / epidemiology
  • Cameroon / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Conjunctivitis / epidemiology
  • Eye Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperopia / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • Prospective Studies
  • Refractive Errors / epidemiology
  • Sex Factors
  • Vision, Low / epidemiology