Low goal ownership predicts drop-out from a weight intervention study in overweight patients with type 2 diabetes

Int J Behav Med. 2010 Sep;17(3):176-81. doi: 10.1007/s12529-009-9071-3.


Background: Drop-out is a major problem in weight loss studies. Although previous attrition research has examined some predictors of drop-out, theoretically grounded research on psychological predictors of drop-out from weight interventions has been lacking.

Purpose: To examine psychological predictors of drop-out from a weight reduction study in diabetes type 2 patients.

Method: A clinical trial was conducted with 101 overweight/obese (body mass index >27) diabetes type 2 patients. Patients were randomly assigned to a self-regulation intervention, an active control group, and a passive control group. Psychological, somatic, socio-demographic, and lifestyle variables were examined as predictors of drop-out from baseline to 6 months follow-up.

Results: Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that low autonomous regulation or low 'goal ownership' was the best predictor of drop-out.

Conclusion: It is suggested that the assessment of 'goal ownership' prior to a weight reduction intervention could identify patients who are sufficiently motivated to participate. Patients who score low on 'goal ownership' may be offered pretreatment interventions to increase their motivation.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / psychology
  • Employment
  • Female
  • Goals*
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / complications
  • Obesity / psychology
  • Obesity / therapy*
  • Patient Dropouts / psychology*
  • Psychology
  • Self Efficacy