Platelet function recovery after cessation of aspirin: preliminary study of volunteers and surgical patients

Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2010 Jul;27(7):617-23. doi: 10.1097/EJA.0b013e328335b354.

Abstract

Background and objective: Recent evidence indicates that platelet function may recover more rapidly after cessation of aspirin therapy than previously thought. The present study evaluated the effect of aspirin on platelet function using platelet aggregometry in healthy individuals and in aspirin-treated patients scheduled for surgery.

Methods: Platelet aggregation in response to arachidonic acid, epinephrine, and adenosine diphosphate was determined in 14 male volunteers during and after 10 days' aspirin administration (100 mg) and in 58 aspirin-treated patients during intake, on days 3, 4 or 6 after drug cessation, and on day 10 after drug cessation, prior to elective surgery. Urine thromboxane (11-dehydro-thromboxane B2) concentrations were also measured.

Results: Platelet aggregation in response to arachidonic acid and epinephrine was significantly decreased in both volunteers and patients during aspirin administration. The aggregation normalized within 3 days of aspirin cessation in the volunteers and within 4-6 days in the patients. Urine concentration of 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2 was about three times lower with aspirin treatment than without, although in two patients concentrations were higher with aspirin.

Conclusion: Platelet aggregometry with arachidonic acid is a sensitive test for the evaluation of the effects of aspirin on platelet function. In most aspirin-treated patients, platelet function recovers 4 days after drug cessation, although the process is sometimes prolonged. Therefore, the time of aspirin cessation before scheduled surgery should be determined individually.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Diphosphate
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arachidonic Acid
  • Aspirin / administration & dosage*
  • Blood Coagulation / drug effects
  • Blood Platelets / drug effects*
  • Blood Platelets / metabolism
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Elective Surgical Procedures
  • Epinephrine
  • Female
  • Humans
  • International Normalized Ratio
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Partial Thromboplastin Time
  • Pilot Projects
  • Platelet Aggregation / drug effects*
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors / administration & dosage*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prospective Studies
  • Recovery of Function
  • Thromboxane B2 / analogs & derivatives
  • Thromboxane B2 / urine
  • Time Factors
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
  • Arachidonic Acid
  • Thromboxane B2
  • Adenosine Diphosphate
  • 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2
  • Aspirin
  • Epinephrine