The epidemiology of transverse myelitis

Autoimmun Rev. 2010 Mar;9(5):A395-9. doi: 10.1016/j.autrev.2009.12.007. Epub 2009 Dec 24.


Transverse myelitis is a neurological disorder causing acute spinal cord injury as a result of acute inflammation, often associated with para infectious processes and autoimmune disease. The purpose of this article is to review the literature on the geoepidemiology of transverse myelitis and assess its environmental associations. Articles from 1981 to 2009 were reviewed in Pub Med along with potential causes such as autoimmune disease (focusing on systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS), and Sjogren's), infection, vaccination, and intoxication.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antiphospholipid Syndrome / complications
  • Autoimmune Diseases / complications
  • Environment
  • Humans
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / complications
  • Myelitis, Transverse / complications
  • Myelitis, Transverse / epidemiology*
  • Sjogren's Syndrome / complications
  • Vaccination / adverse effects*