Clinical biomarkers in esophageal adenocarcinoma

Front Biosci (Elite Ed). 2010 Jan 1;2:489-94. doi: 10.2741/e107.


This review describes genetic and molecular changes related to adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) with emphasis on prognostic value and possibilities for targeted therapy in clinical setting. The progression of Barrett's esophagus to adenocarcinoma has been the focus of particular scrutiny, and a number of potential tissue and serum-based disease biomarkers have emerged. Tissue biomarkers allowing risk stratification of Barrett's are reviewed as well as strategies currently being used to discover novel biomarkers that will facilitate the early detection of esophageal adenocarcinoma.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis*
  • Barrett Esophagus / diagnosis*
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / blood
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / urine
  • Disease Progression
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Genetic Markers
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry / methods
  • Mucous Membrane / diagnostic imaging
  • Risk Factors
  • Ultrasonography


  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • Genetic Markers