Flavonoids from the buds of Rosa damascena inhibit the activity of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme a reductase and angiotensin I-converting enzyme

J Agric Food Chem. 2010 Jan 27;58(2):882-6. doi: 10.1021/jf903515f.


Rosa damascena has been manufactured as various food products, including tea, in Korea. A new flavonoid glycoside, kaempferol-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl(1-->4)-beta-D-xylopyranoside, named roxyloside A was isolated from the buds of this plant, along with four known compounds, isoquercitrin, afzelin, cyanidin-3-O-beta-glucoside, and quercetin gentiobioside. The chemical structures of these compounds were determined by spectroscopic analyses, including FAB-MS, UV, IR, (1)H and (13)C NMR, DEPT, and 2D NMR (COSY, HSQC, and HMBC). All the isolated compounds except cyanidin-3-O-beta-glucoside exhibited high levels of inhibitory activity against 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase with IC(50) values ranging from 47.1 to 80.6 microM. Cyanidin-3-O-beta-glucoside significantly suppressed angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) activity, with an IC(50) value of 138.8 microM, while the other four compounds were ineffective. These results indicate that R. damascena and its flavonoids may be effective to improve the cardiovascular system.

MeSH terms

  • Acyl Coenzyme A / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Acyl Coenzyme A / chemistry
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / chemistry*
  • Animals
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / chemistry*
  • Flavonoids / chemistry*
  • Flowers / chemistry
  • Kinetics
  • Lung / chemistry
  • Lung / enzymology
  • Male
  • Microsomes, Liver / chemistry
  • Microsomes, Liver / enzymology
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A / chemistry
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry*
  • Rabbits
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Rosa / chemistry*


  • Acyl Coenzyme A
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Flavonoids
  • Plant Extracts
  • 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A