Functional analysis of the CD300e receptor in human monocytes and myeloid dendritic cells

Eur J Immunol. 2010 Mar;40(3):722-32. doi: 10.1002/eji.200939468.


The CD300e surface molecule, originally termed immune receptor expressed by myeloid cells (IREM)-2, was reported to associate with the DNAX-activating protein (DAP) 12 adaptor in co-transfected cells, and is capable of signaling. In the present report, we investigated in detail the function of CD300e in monocytes and myeloid DC (mDC) freshly isolated from peripheral blood of normal blood donors. Upon engagement by an agonistic mAb, CD300e triggered an intracellular calcium mobilization and superoxide anion O(2) (-) production in monocytes. Activation via CD300e provided survival signals that prevented monocyte and mDC apoptosis, triggered the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and upregulated the expression of cell surface co-stimulatory molecules in both cell types. Moreover, CD300e activation of mDC enhanced the alloreactive response of naive T cells. Overall, our data formally support the notion that CD300e functions as an activating receptor capable of regulating the innate immune response in myeloid cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antigen Presentation / immunology
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Separation
  • Dendritic Cells / immunology*
  • Dendritic Cells / metabolism
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Humans
  • Lymphocyte Activation / immunology
  • Monocytes / immunology*
  • Monocytes / metabolism
  • Myeloid Cells / immunology*
  • Myeloid Cells / metabolism
  • Receptors, Immunologic / immunology*
  • Receptors, Immunologic / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction / immunology*
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • T-Lymphocytes / metabolism


  • CD300E protein, human
  • Receptors, Immunologic