Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is the commonly affected term to describe the symptoms that may develop many years after acute paralytic poliomyelitis. The etiology of PPS is still unclear. An overuse of enlarged motor units is suspected causing denervation again due to distal degeneration of axons. Metabolic and functional changes has been described in muscle fibers of partially denervated muscles. Nevertheless, submaximal aerobic training and low intensity muscular strengthening have shown positive effects on muscular strength and cardiorespiratory system in patients affected by PPS. Aquatic therapy has a positive impact on pain and muscle function. In patients with severe fatigue, it is recommended to adapt the daily exercise routine to their specific case.
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