In this work, we have evaluated the haemocompatibility of different surface modifications, intended for biomaterials and bioanalytical applications. Polystyrene slides were coated with thin hydrogel films by self-initiated photografting and photopolymerization (SIPGP) of four different monomers. The hydrogel surface modifications were thoroughly characterized and tested for their protein resistance and ability to resist platelet adhesion and activation of the coagulation system. There was very little protein adsorption from human plasma on the hydrogels prepared from poly(ethylene glycol) methacrylate and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate. Platelet adhesion tests performed under both static and flow conditions showed that these coatings also demonstrated very high resistance towards platelet adhesion. A small amount of platelets were found to adhere to hydrogels formed from ethylene glycol methyl ether methacrylate and 2-carboxyethyl methacrylate. The polystyrene substrates themselves facilitated large amounts of platelet adhesion under both static and flow conditions. Utilizing a novel setup for imaging of coagulation, it was confirmed that none of the hydrogel surfaces activated the coagulation system to any great extent. We suggest that this simple fabrication method can be used to produce hydrogel coatings with unusually high blood compatibility, suitable for demanding biomaterials applications.
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