Double dissociation between cognitive and affective empathy in borderline personality disorder

Psychiatry Res. 2010 Feb 28;175(3):277-9. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2009.03.002. Epub 2009 Dec 31.


We sought to characterize the cognitive and affective empathic abilities of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). While controls showed higher cognitive as compared with affective empathy scores, the BPD group demonstrated the opposite pattern. These results suggest that a dysfunctional pattern of empathic capacity may account for behavioral difficulties in BPD.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Borderline Personality Disorder / complications
  • Cognition Disorders / complications*
  • Cognition Disorders / etiology*
  • Dissociative Disorders / etiology*
  • Empathy / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Statistics as Topic
  • Theory of Mind
  • Young Adult