Intracranial dural sinus thrombosis: novel use of a mechanical thrombectomy catheter and review of management strategies

Clin Med Res. 2009 Dec;7(4):157-65. doi: 10.3121/cmr.2009.847.


Management of intracranial dural sinus thrombosis with involvement of multiple sinuses is complex, often involving not only the primary problem (thrombosis) but acute adverse events consequent to the disease. We highlight the novel use of an endovascular device (typically for suction thrombectomy in the peripheral vascular system) used in our patient with a life-threatening multi-sinus thrombosis. As there is no standard treatment yet for cranial sinus thrombosis, our review of the literature highlights some effective management strategies. A 35-year-old woman developed associated complications of cranial sinus thrombosis that included intracranial hypertension caused by an expanding intracranial hematoma, pulmonary embolism treated by placement of filters in superior and inferior vena cava to eliminate intra- and extracranial sources of emboli, and procedure-related retroperitoneal hematoma that necessitated peripheral vascular intervention. After failure of several common devices during mechanical thrombolysis, a thrombectomy catheter (typically for peripheral vascular intervention to aide in the clot removal) was used. Our case highlights the fine balance of anticoagulation and thrombolysis and the proactive, aggressive approach used by our multispecialty team to manage concurrent factors.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Catheterization / instrumentation*
  • Catheterization / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications
  • Hypertension / diagnostic imaging
  • Hypertension / therapy
  • Intracranial Hemorrhages / complications
  • Intracranial Hemorrhages / diagnostic imaging
  • Intracranial Hemorrhages / therapy
  • Pulmonary Embolism / complications
  • Pulmonary Embolism / diagnostic imaging
  • Pulmonary Embolism / therapy
  • Radiography
  • Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial / complications
  • Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial / diagnostic imaging
  • Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial / therapy*
  • Thrombectomy / instrumentation*
  • Thrombectomy / methods*