Sun protection intervention for highway workers: long-term efficacy of UV photography and skin cancer information on men's protective cognitions and behavior

Ann Behav Med. 2009 Dec;38(3):225-36. doi: 10.1007/s12160-009-9151-2.


Background: The risk for skin cancer is increased among older males and outdoor workers who have high levels of ultraviolet (UV) exposure.

Purpose: This study was designed to examine the long-term efficacy of UV photography interventions on male outdoor workers, the potential mediators of its impact, and the efficacy of UV photography and skin cancer vs. aging information with this population.

Methods: One hundred forty-eight male outdoor workers were randomly assigned to one of four intervention conditions or a control condition in a two by two plus one factorial design. The men in the intervention conditions received or did not receive a UV photo of their face and watched either a photoaging or skin cancer educational video. Participants completed pre-intervention, immediate post-intervention, and 2-month and 1-year follow-up assessments.

Results: Analysis of covariance and structural equation modeling revealed that participants in the UV photography and cancer information interventions reported higher levels of sun protection cognitions, which were significant partial mediators of increases in sun protection behaviors and decreases in skin color.

Conclusions: This study provides evidence for effective sun protection interventions on male outdoor workers that may help reduce skin cancer risk.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Health Education / methods*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Exposure / adverse effects
  • Occupational Exposure / prevention & control*
  • Occupational Health
  • Photography
  • Radiation Protection / methods*
  • Skin Neoplasms / etiology
  • Skin Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Sunlight / adverse effects*
  • Sunscreening Agents / pharmacology
  • Ultraviolet Rays / adverse effects


  • Sunscreening Agents