T-cell immunoglobulin, mucin domain-3 (Tim-3) is a membrane protein expressed at late stages of IFN-gamma secreting CD4(+) Th1 cell differentiation and constitutively on DC. Ligation of Tim-3 on Th1 cells terminates Th1 immune responses. In addition, Tim-3 plays a role in tolerance induction, although the mechanism by which this is accomplished has yet to be elucidated. While it is clear that Tim-3 plays an important role in the immune system, little is known regarding the molecular pathways that regulate Tim-3 expression. In the current study, we examine the role of Th1-associated transcription factors in regulating Tim-3 expression. Our experiments reveal that Tim-3 expression is regulated by the Th1-specific transcription factor T-bet. This introduces a novel paradigm into the generation of a Th1 response, whereby a transcription factor responsible for effector Th1 cell differentiation also increases the expression of a specific counter-regulatory molecule to ensure appropriate termination of pro-inflammatory Th1 immune responses.