Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility of using a 6.5 Fr sheathless guide catheter as a default system in transradial (TRA) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
Background: TRA PCI has been shown to reduce mortality rates through a reduction in access site related bleeding complications compared with procedures performed though a femoral approach. Complications associated with the TRA route increase with the size of sheath used. These complications may be reduced by the use of a sheathless guide catheter system (Asahi Intecc, Japan) that is 1-2 Fr sizes smaller in diameter than the corresponding introducer sheath.
Methods: We performed PCI in 100 consecutive cases using 6.5 Fr sheathless guides to determine the procedural success, rates of symptomatic radial spasm and radial occlusion.
Results: Procedural success using the 6.5 Fr sheathless guide catheter system was 100% with no cases requiring conversion to a conventional guide and catheter system. There were no procedural complications recorded associated with the use of the catheter. Adjunctive devices used in this cohort included IVUS, stent delivery catheters, distal protection devices, and simple thrombectomy catheters. The rate of radial spasm was 5% and the rate of radial occlusion at 2 months was 2%.
Conclusion: Use of the 6.5 Fr sheathless guide catheter system, which has an outer diameter <5 Fr sheath, as the default system in routine PCI is feasible with a high rate of procedural success via the radial artery.