Update on alefacept safety

J Cutan Med Surg. 2009 Dec;13 Suppl 3:S139-47. doi: 10.2310/7750.2009.00032.

Abstract

Background: Alefacept has been demonstrated in clinical trials to be an effective, safe, and well-tolerated treatment strategy when used alone or in combination with other antipsoriatic therapies in patients with chronic plaque psoriasis.

Objective: AWARE (Amevive Wisdom Acquired from Real-World Evidence) is a multicenter, observational, Canadian phase IV registry evaluating the efficacy and safety of alefacept, alone or in combination with other antipsoriatic therapies, in patients with psoriasis.

Methods: Patients with chronic plaque psoriasis were treated with at least one course of alefacept followed by an off-treatment period, typically lasting 12 or more weeks. Prospective follow-up was at least 60 weeks, depending on when patients presented for retreatment. Safety data collected throughout the study included the incidence of serious adverse events (SAEs), dosing suspensions, and withdrawals owing to adverse events.

Results: Twelve SAEs were reported in psoriasis patients treated with at least one course of alefacept, with only one considered to be possibly related to the study drug. Approximately one-quarter of patients missed at least one dose of alefacept during the course of the study. A total of 291 doses of alefacept were missed, representing almost 4% of the total doses administered in this group of patients. Low CD4(+) count was the most frequent reason for missed doses; however, no patient had persistently low CD4(+) counts requiring permanent discontinuation of alefacept treatment. Seven patients in the AWARE registry discontinued treatment with alefacept, with the most common reason being patient request.

Conclusion: The AWARE study supports the safety of alefacept used alone or in combination with other antipsoriatic therapies, in a broad population of real-world chronic plaque psoriasis patients in Canada.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alefacept
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Dermatologic Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Injections, Intramuscular
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Morbidity / trends
  • Prospective Studies
  • Psoriasis / drug therapy*
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / administration & dosage*
  • Recurrence
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Dermatologic Agents
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Alefacept