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Review
. 2010 Mar;31(6):607-14.
doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2010.04232.x. Epub 2010 Jan 4.

Systematic Review: The Effects of Carbonated Beverages on Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease

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Review

Systematic Review: The Effects of Carbonated Beverages on Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease

T Johnson et al. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. .
Free article

Abstract

Background: Carbonated beverages have unique properties that may potentially exacerbate gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD), such as high acidity and carbonation. Cessation of carbonated beverage consumption is commonly recommended as part of lifestyle modifications for patients with GERD.

Aims: To evaluate the relationship of carbonated beverages with oesophageal pH, oesophageal motility, oesophageal damage, GERD symptoms and GERD complications.

Methods: A systematic review.

Results: Carbonated beverage consumption results in a very short decline in intra-oesophageal pH. In addition, carbonated beverages may lead to a transient reduction in lower oesophageal sphincter basal pressure. There is no evidence that carbonated beverages directly cause oesophageal damage. Carbonated beverages have not been consistently shown to cause GERD-related symptoms. Furthermore, there is no evidence that these popular drinks lead to GERD complications or oesophageal cancer.

Conclusions: Based on the currently available literature, it appears that there is no direct evidence that carbonated beverages promote or exacerbate GERD.

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