Localization of RhoGEF2 during Drosophila cellularization is developmentally controlled by Slam

Mech Dev. Jul-Aug 2010;127(7-8):371-84. doi: 10.1016/j.mod.2010.01.001. Epub 2010 Jan 11.

Abstract

Essential for proper function of small GTPases of the Rho family, which control many aspects of cytoskeletal and membrane dynamics, is their temporal and spatial control by activating GDP exchange factors (GEFs) and deactivating GTPase-activating-proteins (GAPs). The regulatory mechanisms controlling these factors are not well understood, especially during development, when the organization and behaviour of cells change in a stage dependent manner. During Drosophila cellularization Rho signalling and RhoGEF2 are involved in furrow canal formation and the organization of actin and myosin. Here we analyze, how RhoGEF2 is localized at the sites of membrane invagination. We show that the PDZ domain is necessary for localization and function of RhoGEF2 and identify Slam as a factor that is necessary for RhoGEF2 localization. We also demonstrate that Slam can recruit RhoGEF2 to ectopic sites. Furthermore we find that the PDZ domain of RhoGEF2 can form a complex with Slam invivo and that Slam transcripts and protein colocalize at the furrow canal and in basal particles. Based on these findings, we propose that accumulation of slam mRNA and protein at the presumptive invagination site provides a spatial and temporal trigger for RhoGEF2-Rho1 signalling.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Drosophila Proteins / chemistry
  • Drosophila Proteins / genetics
  • Drosophila Proteins / metabolism*
  • Drosophila melanogaster / cytology*
  • Drosophila melanogaster / embryology*
  • Drosophila melanogaster / genetics
  • Drosophila melanogaster / metabolism
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian / cytology
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / genetics
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phenotype
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Protein Transport
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins / chemistry
  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism*

Substances

  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Slam protein, Drosophila
  • sav protein, Drosophila
  • rho GTP-Binding Proteins