The Paf1 complex: platform or player in RNA polymerase II transcription?

Biochim Biophys Acta. May-Jun 2010;1799(5-6):379-88. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagrm.2010.01.001. Epub 2010 Jan 12.

Abstract

The Paf1 complex (Paf1C), composed of the proteins Paf1, Ctr9, Cdc73, Rtf1, and Leo1, accompanies RNA polymerase II (pol II) from the promoter to the 3' end formation site of mRNA and snoRNA encoding genes; it is also found associated with RNA polymerase I (pol I) on rDNA. The Paf1C is found in simple and complex eukaryotes; in human cells hSki8 is also part of the complex. The Paf1C has been linked to a large and growing list of transcription related processes including: communication with transcriptional activators; recruitment and activation of histone modification factors; facilitation of elongation on chromatin templates; and the recruitment of 3' end-processing factors necessary for accurate termination of transcription. Absence of, or mutations in, Paf1C factors result in alterations in gene expression that can result in misregulation of developmental programs and loss of control of cell division leading to cancer in humans. This review considers recent information that may help to resolve whether the Paf1C is primarily a "platform" on pol II that coordinates the association of many critical transcription factors, or if the complex itself plays a more direct role in one or more steps in transcription.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone / metabolism
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases / metabolism
  • Drosophila Proteins / chemistry
  • Drosophila Proteins / genetics
  • Drosophila Proteins / metabolism*
  • Histones / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological
  • Multiprotein Complexes / chemistry
  • Multiprotein Complexes / metabolism
  • Nuclear Proteins / chemistry
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • RNA Polymerase II / chemistry
  • RNA Polymerase II / metabolism*
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / chemistry
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism*
  • Telomere / metabolism
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Transcriptional Elongation Factors / metabolism

Substances

  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Histones
  • Multiprotein Complexes
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • PAF1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • PAF1 protein, human
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transcriptional Elongation Factors
  • atms protein, Drosophila
  • SPT5 transcriptional elongation factor
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases
  • SGV1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • RNA Polymerase II