Phosphorylation of proteins is a prevalent post-translational modification, which affects intracellular signaling in many ways. About 2% of all eukaryotic genes code for protein kinases catalyzing phosphorylation events. Despite technological advances that have made it possible to identify thousands of phosphorylation sites simultaneously, identification of the substrates of a given kinase remains an exceptionally challenging task. Here, we summarize approaches for substrate identification that make use of genetically engineered 'analog-sensitive' kinases.
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